Abu Hamid bin Abu Bakr Ibrahim-Attar, (1110 – 1221), born in Neyshabur was a Persian Muslim poet, theoretician of Sufism during the Seljuq period.
Attar was probably the son of a prosperous chemist, receiving an excellent education in various fields. from childhood onward Attar, encouraged by his father, was interested in the Sufis and their sayings and way of life, and regarded their saints as his spiritual guides.
While his works say little else about his life, they tell us that he practiced the profession of pharmacy and personally attended to a very large number of customers.
It is said that Attar (meaning someone selling herbs) was completely changed and severed all earthly ties when he bumped into a dervish. Dervish begged Attar for some money but Attar refused to give away the money. The dervish told him that with such an attachment to material world how you want to leave the world and pass away. Attar replied I will die the way you will! Dervish lies down and put his begging bowl under his head and passed away! This event had great an impact on Attar and since then he led a life of isolation, prayer and asceticism.
he abandoned his pharmacy store and traveled widely – to Baghdad, Basrah, Kufa, Mecca, Medina, Damascus, Khwarizm, Turkistan, and India, meeting with Sufi Shaykhs – and returned promoting Sufi ideas. Attar reached an age of over 70 and died a violent death in the massacre which the Mongols inflicted on Neyshabur in April 1221.
Unfortunately he was not well known as a poet in his own lifetime, except at his home town, and his greatness as a mystic, a poet, and a master of narrative was not discovered until the 15th century. Amongst his most famous works are: Asrar Nameh (Book of Secrets), Elahi Nameh (Divine Book), Tadhkirat Al-Auliya (The Memorial of the Saints) and Manteq al-Tayr (Bird Parliament).
Today, his mausoleum is located in Neyshabur, 120 km (75 m) away from Mashhad. His mausoleum was built for the first time in 15th century which was renovated at the time of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (the last king of Iran). Like many aspects of his life, his death, too, is blended with legends and speculation.
This structure is octagonal in shape with a tile worked onion shaped dome. It has 4 entrances; the northern one is the main entrance. This historical structure has been tastefully adorned with colored (green, yellow and blue) tiles and carvings. The interior site is covered by plaster and has four seats. The Mausoleum is located in a garden covering an area of about 119 sq. m.