Baba Tahir is known as one of the most revered and respectable early poets in Iranian literature. Most of his life is clouded in mystery. He was born and lived in Hamedan, the capital city of the Hamedan Province in Iran. He was known by the name of Baba Tahir-e Oryan (The Naked), which suggests that he may have been a wandering dervish. Legend tells that the poet, an illiterate woodcutter, attended lectures at a religious school, where he was not welcomed by his fellow-students. The dates of his birth and death are unknown. One source indicates that he died in 1019. If this is accurate, it would make Baba Taher a contemporary of Ferdowsi and Pour Sina (Avicenna) and an immediate precursor of Omar Khayyam.
The Baba Tahir Oryan Mausoleum is located in the northern part of Hamedan city in a square with his name.
The structure of the mausoleum has been renovated multiple times and the main tomb goes back to the Saljuk period when an Octagonal brick tower was built on Baba Taher’s tomb. This tower was replaced by another structure in the Pahlavi period. The current structure was built in 1975 by Mohsen Foroughi and the design was based on the first structure.
The Mausoleum is a 10 * 10 Built using concrete to ensure the endurance and the foundation was built using Lime and Stones. The monument consists of many charters which are used to let the light in, and the eight pillars the tombstone and the steps have all been made out of carved granite. The roof is decorated using mosaic tile work. Inside the tomb are marble slabs the color of parchment with poems written in black calligraphy surrounding the marble slabs are borders of translucent Stone. There are also 24 inscriptions showing 24 poems from Baba Tahir Oryan which are located around the mausoleum.